How to prevent frostbite and hypothermia

How to prevent frostbite and hypothermia

If you are ever stranded in a freezing environment, first things first, don’t panic. Call for help. While you are waiting for rescue, here is how to avoid frostbite and hypothermia.

What is Frostbite?

Because of the cold temperatures, the underlying tissue of your skin is damaged causing it to redden, harden, and pale.

Signs of Frostbite

  • Red and cold skin
  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Stinging

What is Hypothermia?

Due to your body losing heat at a fast rate, hypothermia occurs if your body temperature falls below 95 F.

Signs of Hypothermia

  • Feeling cold
  • Shivering
  • You are stuttering (The cold affects your brain)

How Can I Prevent This?

Layer Up

Always keep a second jacket in your car. You never know when you could get stranded. The more layers, the more you can keep body heat from escaping. Cover every part of your body. Wear a hat, scarf, and gloves.

Find a Warm Environment

Do not stay out in the cold. That only worsens the condition. If you are near a shelter, get inside immediately.

Drink Fluids and Eat Plenty of Food

The only way you are going to beat frostbite and hypothermia is if you eat a lot of food and drink plenty of fluids. Eat foods with carbohydrates. Never refuse to eat because you are only going to make the situation worse. No matter what your schedule is, eat a lot of food in case of situations where you could be stranded in the cold.

Should I Call My Doctor?

You should only call your doctor if you notice the symptoms. If you cannot get warm, never rewarm frostbite on your own. Not only is it painful, but it is a risk to your health. Seek medical help if you show signs of hypothermia.